Robert Böhm ⎪ Behavioral Scientist



Journal Articles

Accepted for publication / in press

Thielmann, I., Böhm, R., Ott, M., & Hilbig, B. E. (in press). Economic games: An introduction and guide for research. Collabra: Psychology.

Hilbig, B. E., Thielmann, I., & Böhm, R. (in press). Bending our ethics code: Avoidable deception and its justification in psychological research. European Psychologist.

Zettler, I., Schild, C., Lilleholt, L., Kroencke, L., Utesch, T., Moshagen, M., Böhm, R., Back, M. D., & Geukes, K. (in press). The role of personality in COVID-19 related perceptions, evaluations, and behaviours: Findings across five samples, nine traits, and 17 criteria. Social Psychological and Personality Science.

Pummerer, L., Böhm, R., Lilleholt,L., Winter, K., Zettler, I., & Sassenberg, K. (in press). Conspiracy theories and their societal effects during the COVID-19 pandemic. Social Psychological and Personality Science.

Böhm, R., Fleiß, J., & Rybnicek, R. (in press). On the stability of social preferences in inter-group conflict: A lab-in-the-field panel study. Journal of Conflict Resolution.

Theelen, M. M. P., & Böhm, R. (in press). The conflict-cooperation effect persists under intragroup payoff asymmetry. Group Processes & Intergroup Relations.


Korn, L., Böhm, R., & Betsch, C. (2021). Reply to Rabb et al.: Why promoting COVID-19 vaccines with community immunity is not a good strategy (yet). Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 118, e2102054118.

Betsch, C., Korn, L., & Böhm, R. (2021). Reply to Weisel: From polarization to vaccination and back. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 118, e2102717118.

Thielmann, I., Böhm, R., & Hilbig, B. E. (2021). Buying unethical loyalty: A behavioral paradigm and empirical test. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 12, 363-370.


Böhm, R., Lilleholt, L., Meineche, J. T., Strandsbjerg,C. F., Windfeld, A., Windfeld, F. C., & Zettler, I. (2020). The COVID-19 Snapshot Monitoring in Denmark. Samfundsøkonomen, 4, 62-69.

Gross, J., & Böhm, R. (2020). Voluntary restrictions on self-reliance increase cooperationand mitigate wealth inequality. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences,17, 29202-29211.

Pfattheicher, S., Nockur, L., Böhm, R., Sassenrath, C., & Petersen, M. B. (2020). The emotional path to action: Empathy promotes physical distancing and wearing of face masks during the COVID-19 pandemic. Psychological Science, 31, 1363-1373.

Jörling, M., Böhm, R., & Paluch, S. (2020). Mechanisms and consequences of anthropomorphizing autonomous products: The role of schemacongruity and prior experience. Schmalenbach Business Review, 72, 485-510.

Böhm, R., Rusch, H., & Baron, J. (2020). The psychology of intergroup conflict: A review of theories and measures. Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, 178, 947-962.

Böhm, R., Gürerk, Ö., & Lauer, T. (2020). Nudging climate change mitigation: A laboratory experiment with inter-generational public goods. Games, 11, 42.

Betsch, C., Korn, L., Sprengholz, P., Felgendreff, L., Eitze, S., Schmid, P., & Böhm, R. (2020). Social andbehavioral consequences of mask policies during the COVID-19 pandemic. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 117, 21851-21853.

Habersaat, K., Betsch, C., Danchin,M., Sunstein, C. R., Böhm, R., Falk, A., Brewer, N.T., Omer, S. T., Scherzer, M., Sah, S., Fischer, E. F., Scheel, A. E., Fancourt, D.,Kitayama, S., Dubé, E., Leask, J., Dutta, M., MacDonald, N. E., Temkina, A., Lieberoth, A., Jackson, M., Lewandowsky, S., Seale, H., Fietje, N., Schmid, P., Gelfand, M., Korn, L., Eitze, S., Felgendreff, L., Sprengholz, P., Salvi, C., Butler, R. (2020). Ten considerations for effectively managing the COVID-19 transition. Nature Human Behaviour, 4, 677-687.

Korn,L., Böhm, R., Meier, N., & Betsch, C. (2020). Vaccination as a social contract. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 17, 14891-14899.

Betsch, C., Bach Habersaat, K., Deshevoi, S., Heinemeier, D., Briko, N., Kostenko, N., Kocik, J., Böhm, R., Zettler, I., Wiysonge, C. S.,Dubé, È., Gagneur, A., Botelho-Nevers, E., Gagneux-Brunon, A., & Sivelä, J. (2020). Sample study protocol foradapting and translating the 5C scale to assess the psychologialantecedentsof vaccination. BMJ Open, 10, e034869.

Aaldering, H., & Böhm, R. (2020). Parochial vs. universal cooperation: Introducing a novel economic game of within- and between-group interaction. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 11, 36-45.

Meier, N. W., Böhm,R., Korn,L., & Betsch, C. (2020). Individual preferences for voluntary vs. mandatory vaccination policies: An experimental analysis. European Journal of Public Health,30, 50-55.


Jörling, M., Böhm, R., & Paluch, S. (2019). Service robots: Drivers of perceived responsibility for service outcomes. Journal of Service Research, 22, 404-420.

Rusch, H., & Böhm, R. (2019). A note on the endogeneity of attacker and defender roles in asymmetric conflicts. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 42, e139.

Böhm, R., & Betsch, C. (2019). Ablehnung der Impfpflicht ist keine Ablehnung des Impfens.[= Rejection of mandatory vaccination is no rejection of vaccination.] DeutschesÄrzteblatt, 116,21.

Böhm, R., Meier, N. W., Groß, M., Korn, L., & Betsch, C. (2019). The willingness to vaccinate increases when vaccination protects others who have low responsibility for not being vaccinated. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 42, 381-291.

Betsch, C., Schmid, P., Korn, L.,Steinmeyer, L., Heinemeier, D., Eitze, S., Küpke, N.K.,& Böhm, R. (2019). Impfverhalten psychologisch erklären, messen und verändern. [= Psychological antecedents of vaccination: Definitions, measurement, and interventions.] Bundesgesundheitsblatt - Gesundheitsforschung - Gesundheitsschutz, 62, 400-409.

Vollstädt, U., & Böhm, R. (2019). Aregroups more competitive, more selfish-rational or more prosocial bargainers? Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics, 78, 146-159.


Betsch, C., Schmid, P., Heinemeier, D.,Korn, L.,Holtmann, C., &Böhm, R. (2018). Beyond confidence: Development of a measure assessing the5C psychological antecedents of vaccination. PLoS ONE, 13, e0208601.

Betsch, C., & Böhm, R. (2018). Moral values do not affect prosocial vaccination. Nature Human Behaviour, 2, 881-882.

Böhm, R., Rockenbach, B., &Zimmermann, J. (2018). United we stand, divided we fall: The limitations of between-group comparisons for fostering within-group cooperation. Journal of Economic Psychology, 69, 19-29.

Korn, L., Betsch, C.,Böhm, R., & Meier, N. W. (2018). Social nudging: The effect of social feedback interventions on vaccine uptake. Health Psychology, 37, 1045-1054.

Böhm, R., Theelen, M. M. P., Rusch,H., & Van Lange, P. A. M. (2018). Costs, needs, and integration efforts shape helping behavior toward refugees. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 115, 7284-7289.

Pfattheicher, S., Böhm, R., & Kesberg, R. (2018). The advantage of democratic peer punishment in sustaining cooperation within groups. Journal of Behavioral Decision Making, 31, 562-571.

Van Lange, P. A. M., & Böhm,R. (2018). Supportfor refugees increases when refugees participate in integration programs. The Conversation, 2018-07-06.

Böhm, R., Thielmann, I., & Hilbig, B. E. (2018).The brighter the light, the deeper the shadow: Morality alsofuels aggression, conflict, and violence. Behavioral andBrain Sciences,41, e98.

Pfattheicher, S., & Böhm, R. (2018). Honesty-Humility under threat: Self-uncertainty destroys trust among the nice guys. Journal of Personality andSocial Psychology, 114, 179-194.


Böhm, R., Meier, N. W., Korn, L., & Betsch, C. (2017). Behavioural consequences of vaccination recommendations: An experimental analysis.Health Economics, 26, 66-75.

Böhm,R., & Buttelmann, D. (2017). The impact of resource valence on children‘s other-regarding preferences.Developmental Psychology, 53, 1656-1665.

Korn, L., Betsch, C., Böhm, R., & Meier, N. W. (2017). Drawbacks of communicating refugee vaccination rates. The Lancet Infectious Diseases, 17, 364-365.

Betsch., C., Böhm, R., Korn, L, & Holtmann, C. (2017). On the benefits of explaining herd immunity in vaccine advocacy. NatureHuman Behaviour, 1, 0056.


Böhm, R., Betsch, C., & Korn, L. (2016). Selfish-rational non-vaccination: Experimental evidence from an interactive vaccination game. Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, 131, 183-195.

Böhm, R., Betsch, C, Korn, L, & Holtmann, C. (2016). Exploring and promoting pro-social vaccination: A cross-cultural experiment on vaccination of health care personnel. BioMed Research International, 2016, 6870984.

Thielmann, I., & Böhm,R. (2016). Who does (not) participate in intergroup conflict? Social Psychological and Personality Science, 7, 778-787.

Betsch, C., Böhm, R., Airhihenbuwa, C. O., Butler, R., Chapman, G. B., Haase, N., Herrmann, B., Igarashi, T., Kitayama, S., Korn, L., Nurm, Ü.-K., Rohrmann, B., Rothman, A. J., Shavitt, S., Updegraff, J. A., Uskul, A. K. (2016). Improving medical decision making and health promotion through culture-sensitive health communication: An agenda for science and practice. Medical Decision Making, 36,811-833.

Betsch, C., & Böhm, R. (2016). Editorial: Cultural diversity calls for culture-sensitive health communication. Medical Decision Making, 36,795-797.

Böhm, R. (2016). Invited commentary: Intuitive participation in aggressive intergroup conflict: Evidence of weak versus strong parochial altruism. Frontiers in Psychology, 7:1535.

Rusch, H., Böhm, R., & Herrmann, B. (2016).Editorial: Parochial altruism - Pitfalls and prospects. Frontiers in Psychology, 7:1004.

Böhm, R., & Theelen, M. M. P. (2016). Outcome valence and externality valence framing in public good dilemmas. Journal of Economic Psychology, 54, 151-163.

Betsch, C., & Böhm, R. (2016). Detrimental effects of introducing partial compulsory vaccination: Experimental evidence. European Journal of Public Health, 26, 378-381.

Böhm, R., Rusch, H., & Gürerk, Ö. (2016). What makes people go to war? Defensive intentions motivate retaliatory and preemptive intergroup aggression. Evolution and Human Behavior, 37, 29-34.


Betsch, C., Böhm, R., & Chapman, G. B. (2015). Using behavioral insights to increasevaccinationpolicy effectiveness. Policy Insights from the Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 2, 61-73.

Thielmann, I., Böhm, R., & Hilbig, B. E. (2015). Different games for different motives: Comment on Haesevoets, Folmer, and Van Hiel (2015). European Journal of Personality, 29, 506-508.

Korn, L., Holtmann, C., Betsch, C., & Böhm, R. (2015). Die Impfbereitschaft verstehen und verbessern: Wenn persönlicheImpfentscheidungen im Konflikt mit dem Gemeinwohl stehen und wie man dieses Dilemma auflösen kann. [= Understanding and promoting vaccination intentions: When personal vaccination decisions are in conflict with social welfare and how to solve this dilemma.] Das In-Mind Magazin, 2-2015.

Weisel, O., & Böhm, R. (2015). “Ingroup love“ and “outgroup hate“ in intergroup conflict between natural groups. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology,60, 110-120.


Buttelmann, D., & Böhm, R. (2014). The ontogeny of the motivation that underlies in-group bias. Psychological Science, 25, 921-927.

2013 and earlier

Betsch, C., Böhm, R., & Korn.,L. (2013).Inviting free-riders or appealing to prosocial behavior? Game-theoretical reflections on communicating herd immunity in vaccine advocacy. Health Psychology. 32, 978-985.

Böhm, R., & Rockenbach, B. (2013). Theinter-group comparison - intra-group cooperation hypothesis: Comparisons between groups increase efficiency in public goods provision. PLoS ONE, 8(2): e56152.

Böhm, R., Rothermund, K., & Kirchkamp, O. (2013). Social categorization and group-motivated interindividual-intergroup discontinuity. European Journal of Social Psychology, 43, 40-49.

Böhm, R., & Regner, T. (2013). Charitable giving among females and males: An empirical test of the competitive altruism hypothesis. Journal of Bioeconomics, 15, 251-267.

Böhm,R., Funke, F., & Harth, N. S. (2010). Same-race and same-gender voting preferences and the role ofperceived realistic threat in the democratic primaries and caucuses 2008. Analyses of Social Issues and Public Policy, 10, 248-261.

Böhm, R., Schütz, A., Rentzsch, K., Körner, A., & Funke, F. (2010). Are we looking for positivity or similarity in a partner‘s outlook on life? Similarity predicts perceptions of social attractiveness and relationship quality.The Journal of Positive Psychology, 5, 431-438.

Rudolph,U., Böhm, R., & Lummer, M. (2007). Ein Vorname sagt mehr als 1000 Worte:Zur sozialen Wahrnehmung von Vornamen. [= A name says more than thousand words: The social perception offirstnames.] Zeitschrift für Sozialpsychologie, 38, 17-31.

Gentile, G.-C., Böhm, R., & Hoffmann, C. (2007). Auf dem Weg zum Corporate Citizen - eine Bestandsaufnahme anleitender Texte. [= Towardscorporate citizenship - The current statusof introductory texts.] Wirtschaftspsychologie, 1, 58-64.

Books and Book Chapters

Pfattheicher, S., & Böhm,R. (2017). Mechanisms to detectand punish cheaters. In T. K. Shackelford and V. Weekes-Shackelford (Eds.), Encyclopedia ofEvolutionary PsychologicalScience. Cham: Springer.

Böhm, R., & Rusch, H. (2016). Evolved psychology of warfare. In T. K. Shackelford and V. Weekes-Shackelford (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Evolutionary Psychological Science.Cham: Springer.

Theelen, M. M. P., & Böhm, R. (2016). Reciprocal altruism and group living.In T. K. Shackelford and V. Weekes-Shackelford (Eds.), Encyclopediaof Evolutionary Psychological Science. Cham: Springer.

Rusch, H., Böhm, R., & Herrmann, B., eds. (2016). Parochial altruism: Pitfalls and prospects. Lausanne: Frontiers Media. ISBN: 987-2-88919-945-7.



Department of Psychology

Øster Farimagsgade 2A

1353 Copenhagen K, Denmark